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Professor Stuart Semple

Professor Stuart Semple

Professor of Evolutionary Anthropology

Department of Life Sciences

Research interests

My main research interests are in the areas of primate behaviour, conservation and welfare. I have a particular interest in primate communication; my work in this field extends from doctoral studies on behavioural deception and macaque vocalizations, to more recent research on language evolution. I collaborate frequently across disciplinary boundaries, on projects that combine approaches from biological anthropology with those from psychology, social anthropology and quantitative linguistics.

Grants awarded

Leverhulme Trust (£285,389) 2013 "Emotional awareness as a basis for social success in a non-human: the domestic horse" (Co-investigator. Principal investigator – Prof Karen McComb, Sussex University)

NC3Rs (£74,433) 2013 "Attention bias: a novel method to assess psychological wellbeing in group-housed non-human primates" (Co-investigator. Principal investigator – Dr Emily Bethell, Liverpool John Moores University)

Leakey Foundation ($10,380) 2008 "Hedonic benefits of grooming in Barbary macaques" (Principal Investigator. Co-Investigator - Dr Julia Lehmann, University of Roehampton)

Darwin Initiative Scoping Award (£2,972) 2006 "Post release monitoring of orangutans in Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah" (Principal Investigator. Co-Investigator - Dr Caroline Ross, University of Roehampton)

Wenner Gren Foundation ($9,730) 2005 "Mother-offspring communication in rhesus macaques: the role of bystanders" (Principal Investigator)

Teaching interests

My undergraduate and masters teaching is in the areas of zoology and primatology. I am convener of the MRes Primate Biology, Behaviour and Conservation.

PhD Students
David Inglis - "Communication and social behaviour of olive baboons"
[Co-supervised with Dr Caroline Ross]

Charlotte Carne - "Modelling approaches to primate conservation"
[Co-supervised with Dr Julia Lehmann]

Laetitia Marechal - "An interdisciplinary anthropological study of primate tourism"
[Co-supervised with Prof Garry Marvin and Prof Ann MacLarnon]

Former PhD Students
James Higham (awarded 2006) - "The reproductive ecology of female olive baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis) at Gashaka-Gumti National Park, Nigeria" 
[Co-supervised with Prof Ann MacLarnon and Dr Caroline Ross] 
James is now associate professor at New York University

Chris Sandbrook (awarded 2007) - "Who are the true ecotourists? Evaluating the economic, social and environmental impacts of tourism at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda."
[Co-supervised with Prof Katherine Homewood, UCL and Dr Sarah Durant, Institute of Zoology]
Chris now has a lectureship at Cambridge University

Emily Bethell (awarded 2010) - "Cognitive bias in rhesus macaques"
[Co-supervised with Prof Ann MacLarnon and Dr Amanda Holmes]
Emily now has a lectureship at Liverpool John Moores University

Lauren Brent (awarded 2010) - "Stress, reproduction and social behaviour in non-human primates"
[Co-supervised with Prof Ann MacLarnon]
Lauren is now working as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Duke University

Nienke Alberts (awarded 2012) - "Fission-fusion sociality in olive baboons"

[co-supervised with Dr Julia Lehmann]

Nienke is now working as a Lecturer at Univeristy College London

Articles

Articles

Carne C, Semple S, Morrogh-Bernard H, Zuberbühler K, Lehmann J (2014) The risk of disease to great apes: simulating disease spread in orang-utan (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) and chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) association networks. PLoS One 9, e95309

Borg C, Majolo B, Qarro M and Semple, S (2014) A comparison of body size, coat condition and endoparasite diversity of wild Barbary macaques exposed to different levels of tourism. Anthrozoos 27, 49-63

Brent LJN, Semple S, MacLarnon A,Ruiz-Lambides A, Gonzalez-Martinez J and Platt ML (2014) Personality traits in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) are heritable but do not predict reproductive output. International Journal of Primatology 35, 188-209

Carne C, Semple S, Morrogh-Bernard H, Zuberbühler K and Lehmann J (2013) Predicting the vulnerability of great apes to disease: the role of superspreaders and their potential vaccination. PLoS ONE 8, e84642.

Tourrand C, Naim O, Bigot L, Cadet C, Cauvin B, Semple S, Montaggioni L and Bruggemann H (2013) Fringing reefs of Reunion island. Part I: Long-term monitoring of two shallow coral reef communities. Atoll Research Bulletin 596, 1-35

Naim O, Tourrand C, Ballesteros E, Semple S, Bigot L, Cauvin B and Montaggioni, L (2013) Fringing reefs of Reunion island. Part II: Long-term monitoring of primary producers. Atoll Research Bulletin 597, 1-36

Naim O, Tourrand C, Faure GF, Bigot L, Cauvin B, Semple S and Montaggioni L (2013) Fringing reefs of Reunion island. Part III: Long-term monitoring of living corals. Atoll Research Bulletin 598, 1-32

Semple, S, Harrison, C and Lehmann, J (2013) Grooming and anxiety in Barbary macaques. Ethology 119, 1-7

Ferrer-i-Cancho R, Hernández-Fernández A, Lusseau D, Agoramoorthy G, Hsu MJ and Semple S (2013). Compression as a universal principle of animal behaviour. Cognitive Science 37, 1565–1578

Alberts N, Semple S and Lehmann J (2013) The effect of filtering on animal networks. In Social Networking: Recent Trends, Emerging Issues and Future Outlook. New York: Nova.

Semple, S, Hsu, MJ, Agoramoorthy G and Ferrer-i-Cancho, R. (2013) The law of brevity in macaque vocal communication is not an artifact of analyzing mean call durations. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 20, 209-217

McFarland, R, MacLarnon, A, Heistermann, M and Semple, S (2013) Physiological stress hormone levels and mating behaviour are negatively correlated in male rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). Animal Biology 63, 331-341

Wallace EK, Kingston-Jones M, Ford M and Semple S (2013) An investigation into the use of music as potential auditory enrichment for Moloch gibbons (Hylobates moloch). Zoo Biology 32, 423-426

Higham, J and Semple, S, (Editors) (2013). Primate signals. American Journal of Primatology 75

Semple, S and Higham, J (2013) Primate signals: current issues and perspectives. American Journal of Primatology 75, 613-620

Mohiyeddini, C, Bauer, S and Semple, S (2013) Displacement behaviour is associated with reduced stress levels among men but not women. PLoS ONE 8, e56355 

Mohiyeddini, C, Bauer, S and Semple, S (2013) Public self-consciousness moderates the link between displacement behaviour and experience of stress in women. Stress 16, 384-392

Majolo, B, van Lavieren, E, Marechal, L, MacLarnon, A, Marvin, G, Qarro, M and Semple, S (2013) Out of Asia: the singular case of the Barbary Macaque. In The Macaque Connection: Cooperation and Conflict between Humans and Macaques (Radhakrishna, S, Huffman MA & Sinha, A eds)

Mohiyeddini, C and Semple, S (2013) Displacement behaviour regulates the experience of stress in men. Stress 16, 163-171

Brent, LJN, MacLarnon, A, Platt, M and Semple, S (2013) Seasonal changes in the structure of rhesus macaque social networks. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 67, 349-359

Bethell, E, Homes, A, MacLarnon, A and Semple, S (2012) Evidence that emotion mediates social attention in rhesus macaques. PLoS One 7:e44387

Kaburu, SSK, MacLarnon, A, Majolo, B, Qarro, M and Semple, S (2012) Dominance rank and self-scratching among wild female Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). African Zoology 47, 74-79

Buckley, V and Semple, S (2012) Evidence that displacement activities facilitate behavioural transitions in ring-tailed lemurs. Behavioural Processes 90, 433-435 

Carne, C, Semple, S and Lehmann, J. (2012) The effects of climate change on orangutans: a time budget model. In Druyen, LM (Ed) Climate Models. Rijeka: In-Tech Press.  

Gustison, M, MacLarnon, A, Wiper, S and Semple, S (2012) An experimental study of behavioural coping strategies in free-ranging female Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). Stress 15, 608-617

Bethell, EJ, Holmes, A, MacLarnon, A and Semple, S (2012) Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological wellbeing in captive rhesus macaques. Animal Welfare 21, 185-195

Ellis, JJ, MacLarnon, AM, Heistermann, M and Semple, S (2011) The social correlates of self-directed behaviour and faecal glucocorticoid levels among adult male olive baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis) in Gashaka-Gumti National Park, Nigeria. African Zoology 46, 302-308

Fischer, J, Semple, S, Fickenscher, G, Jürgens, R, Kruse, E, Heistermann, M and Amir, O (2011) Do women's voices provide cues of the likelihood of ovulation? The importance of sampling regime. PLoS One 6, e24490 

Moses, K and Semple, S (2011) Primary seed dispersal by the black-and-white ruffed lemur (Varecia variegata) in the Manombo forest, southeast Madagascar. Journal of Tropical Ecology 27, 529–538 

Carne, C, Wiper, S and Semple, S (2011) The reciprocation and interchange of grooming, agonistic support, feeding tolerance and aggression in semi-free-ranging Barbary macaques. American Journal of Primatology 73, 1–7 

Maréchal, L, Semple, S, Majolo, B, Qarro, M, Heistermann, M and MacLarnon, A (2011) Impacts of tourism on anxiety and physiological stress levels in wild male Barbary macaques. Biological Conservation 144, 2188–2193 

Brent, LN, Semple, S, Dubuc, C, Heistermann, M and MacLarnon, A (2011) Social capital and physiological stress levels in free-ranging adult female rhesus macaques. Physiology and Behavior 102, 76-83 

Semple, S, Hsu, MJ and Agoramoorthy, G (2010) Efficiency of coding in macaque vocal communication. Biology Letters 6, 469-471 

Reamer, L, Tooze, Z, Coulson, C and Semple, S (2010) Correlates of self-directed and stereotypic behaviours in captive red-capped mangabeys (Cercocebus torquatus torquatus). Applied Animal Behaviour Science 124, 68-74 

Semple, S, Gerald, M and Suggs, D (2009) Bystanders affect the outcome of mother-infant interactions in rhesus macaques. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276, 2257-2262

Dubuc, C, Brent, L, Accamando, AK, Gerald, MS, MacLarnon, A, Semple, S, Heistermann, M and Engelhardt, A (2009) Sexual skin color contains information about the timing of the fertile phase in free-ranging rhesus macaques. International Journal of Primatology 30, 777-789 

Higham, JP, MacLarnon, AM, Heistermann, M, Ross, C and Semple, S (2009) Rates of self-directed behaviour and faecal glucocorticoid levels are not correlated in wild female olive baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis). Stress 12, 526-532 

Price, T, Arnold, K, Zuberbühler, K and Semple, S (2009) Pyow but not hack calls of the male putty-nosed monkey (Cercopithcus nictitans) convey information about caller identity. Behaviour 146, 871-888 

Haakonsson, J, and Semple, S (2009) Lateralisation of trunk movements in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Laterality 14, 413 – 422 

Higham, JP, Semple, S, MacLarnon, AM, Heistermann, M and Ross, C (2009) Female reproductive signaling, and male mating behavior, in the olive baboon. Hormones and Behaviour 55, 60-67.

Greeno, N, and Semple, S (2009) Sex differences in vocal communication among adult rhesus macaques. Evolution and Human Behaviour 30, 141-145 

Higham, JP, Heistermann, M, Ross, C, Semple, S, and MacLarnon, AM (2008) The timing of ovulation with respect to sexual swelling detumescence in wild olive baboons. Primates 49, 295-299.

Carder, G and Semple, S (2008) Visitor effects on anxiety in two captive groups of western lowland gorillas. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 115, 211-220 

Higham, JP, MacLarnon, AM, Ross, C, Heistermann, M and Semple, S (2008) Baboon sexual swellings: information content of size and color. Hormones and Behaviour 53, 452-462 

Wiper, S and Semple, S (2007) The function of teeth-chattering in the Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus). American Journal of Primatology 69, 1179 - 1188 

Shutt, K, MacLarnon, A, Heistermann, M and Semple, S (2007) Grooming in Barbary macaques: better to give than receive? Biology Letters, 3, 231-233 

Semple, S, and Ross, C (2007) Orangutan post-release monitoring research Phase 2: Tabin Reserve. Report for the Orangutan Appeal UK and Sabah Wildlife Department, Borneo.

Sandbrook, C & Semple, S (2006) The rules and the reality of mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) tracking: how close do tourists get? Oryx 40, 428-433.

Semple, S and McComb, K (2006) The function of female copulation calls in the genus Macaca: insights from the Barbary macaque. In The Barbary macaque: comparative and evolutionary perspectives (J.K. Hodges and J. Cortes, eds). Nottingham: Nottingham University Press.

Weyher, A, Ross, C and Semple, S (2006) A comparison of gastrointestinal parasites in a crop raiding and a wild foraging troop of olive baboons in Nigeria. International Journal of Primatology 27, 1519-1534.

McComb, K and Semple, S (2005) Coevolution of sociality and vocal communication in primates. Biology Letters 1, 381-385

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